Wild strawberry is a perennial, 5-20 cm high plant with short rhizome and long runners (stolons) that grow on the soil surface and turn into roots to form new plants.
The plants has light-green trifoliate leaves with toothed margins that have silky hairs on the underside.
The small white flowers sit on thin stalks, followed by small, red and aromatic fruits. The plant is in bloom from April to May and the seeds ripen from June to July. The seed are mostly dispersed by birds.
The fruits of wild strawberries are actually accessories, or false fruits which are in part developed from the swollen top of the flower stalks. The tiny achenes embedded in the surface are the true fruits.
All parts of the plant have been used in herbal medicine.
The young leaves are collected during the flowering period and can be dried for later use. The roots are harvested in the fall and the fruits are plucked when they are ripe. The fruits are usually eaten fresh.